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The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is inviting students to write essays regarding the emergence of cyber warfare for the15th International Humanitarian Law Essay Competition for East African Universities. The competition seeks to create a discussion regarding the emerging environment around the relevance of treaties and customary rules of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) to modern warfare.

Each essay entry must critically examine the extent to which the rules of IHL address the challenges arising from cyber warfare. Essays, which will be assessed based on Knowledge of IHL; Critical thinking and Analysis Structure; Referencing and Evidence of Research, and Knowledge of the ICRC in relation to IHL, must be submitted through email (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) to the ICRC by Friday, June 30. Further details are available on our website (